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Wushu terms

 

Awareness of terminology is essential for every practitioner. But sometimes we go to great extremes, enriching our vocabulary with an unimaginable amount of oriental terms. As one of the authors of Shifu Zhao-Kun said, in China they do not attach special importance to terminology, because there it is common colloquial speech, except for some specific elements that have their ancient names.

Still, the need for such a section is appropriate, because without knowing the terms, you cannot teach classes, read the literature, and have an idea of competitive practice.

The glossary of terms will help you understand the complex "science of life" that we inherited from the great masters and thinkers of the past.

Anatomy, energy

 

Head - toe

 

Thigh, yes tui

 

Chest, xun

 

Stomach, duzza

 

Palm - zhang

 

Hand - show

 

Knee - si

 

Foot - jiao

 

Feet - tui

 

Waist - yao

 

Blood -- xue.

 

Bone -- gu

 

Toe -- tsayan

 

Joint -- guan tse

 

Heel - hou chen

 

Toes - show zhi

 

Toes -- jiao zhi.

 

Back - bei

 

Neck - bozza

 

Body - shengti

 

Hand - ba

 

Hand shape - showxin

 

Elbow - zhou

 

Mutual harmony of external and internal qi - shuang he

 

Energy (life force) - qi

 

Add - bu

 

Take away - se

 

Protective qi - wei qi.

 

Inner, basic Qi: zun Qi

 

Spiritual element (spirit) - Shen

 

Positive, active, light etc. - yang

 

Negative, passive, dark etc.' yin

 

Sea of energy - qi hai

 

Accumulation of yang - wei yang

 

Accumulation of yin - wei yin

 

Point two tsuns below navel - tang tian

 

Therapeutic injection - zhen

 

Therapeutic cauterization - chju

 

Prophylaxis: yufawbincheng

 

Morning exercises-qaotsao

 

Reaction - fan ying

 

Being - yu

 

Nonexistence - yu

 

Five elements - wuxing

 

Triple heater - sanjiao

 

Muscle - jin zhou

 

Heart - xin

 

Lung - fei

 

Diaphragm - ge

 

Liver - gan

 

Gall bladder - dan

 

Spleen - pi.

 

Stomach - wei

 

Kidney - Shen

 

Large intestine - dachan

 

Small intestine - xiaochang

 

Bladder - pangguan

 

Point - lo

 

Duct - jing

 

Hollow organs - Fu

 

Parienchymatous organs - zhang

 

Pulse definition - lumai

 

Vitality - shenminyan

 

Exorcise illnesses - qiubinshen tun

 

Mastering qigong - zhangwo qigong

 

Body juices - jin-e

 

Man - zhen

 

Way - Tao

 

Humanity - zhen

Wushu styles and martial arts

 

Long fist - chanquan

 

Southern fist - Nanquan

 

Flower style - huatsyuan

 

Great Limit Fist - Taijiquan

 

Accelerated style - jiyang

 

Northern, Shaolin style - Shaolinquan

 

Explosive blows - paogui

 

Red fist - huquan

 

Teacher's method - Shifa

 

Energy Gymnastics (work) - qi gong

 

Ancient name of qigong - Tao-yin

 

Main styles of Taijiquan - Wu, Chen, Yang, Sun

 

Pike work -qiangfa

 

Sword work - jianfa

 

Dynamic qigong - Dongqigong

 

Technique, art - shu

 

Style of 8 trigrams - baguafian

 

Style of imitating 12 animals - sinyuan

 

Study assignment - jiaoxue

 

Wielding the fist - quanfa

 

Sword dance - wudian

 

Martial arts - fagyu

 

Fist technique - quanshou

 

Inner style - neijiaquan

 

Hammer fist - paochou

 

Outer style - oida

 

Stick work - gongshu

 

Joint gymnastics - jijin

 

Five animals game - wu-qing-si

 

8-piece brocade jinggong - baduaijing

 

Inner Energy Style - Kaimin

 

Gymnastics for the unarmed — paida

 

Commands

 

Start -- kaishi

 

Sit down -- tsosya.

 

Stand up -- cili.

 

Finish - vanla

 

Turn - zhuanti

 

Left - zouzhuang.

 

Attack - gong

 

Handwork - tashow

 

Attack technique - degu

 

Free fight - duishou

 

Block - lanba

 

Relaxation - sun

 

Wushu master - wushuji

 

Senior teacher - laoshu

 

Teacher - seng-sheng

 

Meditative attitude before training - chan-zo

 

Take a step back - xianhotuiibu

 

Evade - doshan

 

Look ahead - yankanjianfang

 

Stand up straight. Zhanli.

 

Make fists - lianshowoquan

 

Fists along the body - lianquanjintze

 

Hands up - lushou

 

Hands down - showxia

 

Inhale - Siqi

 

Breathe out - huqi

 

Breath - huxi

 

Abdominal breathing - fudantienushi

 

Breathe correctly - huxizhenque

 

Rest - xuxi

 

Noise - xuanzhang

 

Attention - zhong

 

Finish - goula

 

End - luwei

 

Summarize - zoguzongze

 

Greeting - ninghao

 

Greeting back - Hao

 

Goodbye, zaijian.

 

Thank you, sese.

 

Excuse me. Duibuji.

 

Thank you for your help.

 

Line up. Duixin.

 

# Sit down # # Qinzo #

 

# Stand up # # Qilai #

 

Change - huanyifu.

 

Right - budo

 

Right - dui

 

Good - hao

 

Wrong - huayse

 

Worse - boudou

 

Repeat - chunfu

 

Further - yanchang.

 

Bend your knees.

 

Put your fists to your waist - quanlianyaose

 

Squat -- xiangyundong.

 

Stand up -- sanshanyundong.

 

Engage -- tsolianxi.

 

Secrets -- bijusjia

 

Style - ears

 

Hidden knowledge - lunjue

 

Creativity - qian

 

Mastery - gong fu

 

To the right - euzhuang.

 

Circle - Houjuan

 

Work on yourself in your spare time - gong fu

 

Assault - gong

 

Handwork - tashow

 

Attack technique - degu

 

Free fight - duishou

 

Blocking - lanba

 

Relaxation - sun

 

Wushu master - wushuji

 

Senior teacher - laoshu

 

Teacher - seng-sheng

 

Meditative attitude before training - chan-zo

 

Take a step back - xianhotuiibu

 

Evade - doshan

 

Look ahead - yankanjianfang

 

Stand up straight. Zhanli.

 

Make fists - lianshowoquan

 

Fists along the body - lianquanjintze

 

Hands up - lushou

 

Hands down - showxia

 

Inhale - Siqi

 

Breathe out - huqi

 

Breath - huxi

 

Abdominal breathing - fudantienushi

 

Breathe correctly - huxizhenque

 

Rest - xuxi

 

Noise - xuanzhang

 

Attention - zhong

 

Finish - goula

 

End - luwei

 

Summarize - zoguzongze

 

Greeting - ninghao

 

Greeting back - Hao

 

Goodbye, zaijian.

 

Thank you, sese.

 

Excuse me. Duibuji.

 

Thank you for your help.

 

Line up. Duixin.

 

# Sit down # # Qinzo #

 

# Stand up # # Qilai #

 

Change - huanyifu.

 

Right - budo

 

Right - dui

 

Good - hao

 

Wrong - huayse

 

Worse - boudou

 

Repeat - chunfu

 

Further - yanchang.

 

Bend your knees.

 

Put your fists to your waist - quanlianyaose

 

Squat -- xiangyundong.

 

Stand up -- sanshanyundong.

 

Engage -- tsolianxi.

 

Secrets -- bijusjia

 

Style - ears

 

Hidden knowledge - lunjue

 

Creativity - qian

 

Mastery - gong fu

Sports terminology

 

Lunging stance ("bow stance") - gongbu

 

Pose of the "rider" - mabu

 

The "empty step" position - suibu

 

Pubu (sliding step) stance.

 

Position of "rest" - sebu.

 

Low twisted position ("sitting on a dish") - tzo nan

 

Stance "clove" - dingbu.

 

Standing on one leg - dumebu.

 

A "big bow" pose - dagunbu.

 

Vertical pose - hen danbu

 

Long crossed stance - chabu

 

Vertical pose, fists at hips - yaobu

 

Leg spreading in tai chi - fun jiao

 

Horse step stance - pan mabu

 

Paibu, "unfolding step" stance.

 

Pose on one leg with one knee up: tixipinghei.

 

Swallow" position: yanshipinhzn.

 

Preliminary pose - yubeishi

 

Form of position - bu xing

 

Bridge - xiao

 

Balancing - pingcheng

 

Longitudinal twine - jian cha

 

Transverse twine - hen cha.

 

Feet side by side at 90' - ding-tsu-bu.

 

Between mabu and gongbu - hen-dan-bu

 

Step forward - shan bu

 

Step to the side (feet shoulder-width apart) - kei bu

 

A padded step - ta boo

 

Moves, jumps, insurances

 

Sharp lunge in a bow stance - biao bu

 

Jumping up movement - ji bu

 

Step-up move - dian bu

 

Moving sideways - hua xing bu

 

Falling technique - dechu

 

Rolling backwards - qiang bzi

 

Lifting with bend ("carp kicks tail") - Liyudatin

 

Lifting with scissors ("Black dragon braids pole") - wu lunjiao zhu

 

Straight swing with a jump with a clap (two-jump) - tengkunfejiao

 

All around swing from outside to inside in a jump (whirlwind leg) - xuan feng jiao

 

A circular swing from inside to outside in a jump - tengkunbai lan

 

Flip flip - tsengkun fan

 

Xuan Zi - "Bedouin" somersault

 

somersault - gong fang

 

Leap - tiao

 

Jumps - tiaoyus

 

Roll forward -qianguanfang

 

Jumping movement - tiaoyundong

 

Straight line movement - jixiangyundong

 

Movement - yundong

 

Free motion - zhaujuanticao

 

Wheel - tso

 

Lateral kick in the jump - tshankun tshe

Hooks, swings, kicks

 

Front undercut - qiansaotui

 

Rear undercut: hausaotui

 

High straight leg swing zhengtitui

 

High diagonal kick - sechitui

 

Lateral swing of the leg - tsetitui

 

And then a circular sweep from inside to outside (wai baitui)

 

Swing with the foot from outside to inside - liheitui

 

Low swing with toe first - dantui

 

Low heel swing forward - dantui

 

Low swing with foot to the side - Tsechuaitui

 

Direct punch with the fist - chunquan

 

Swing up with the fist from below - shangouquan

 

Straight swing of the fist - jizhiquan

 

Direct swing of the left fist - jiuquan zou shou

 

Straight swing of the right fist - jiquanziuangshou

 

Side fist stroke - tsetsuan

 

Sweeping with the foot ("ring of the snake") - sao

 

Chopping palm - pi zhan

 

Fist

 

Shape of hand - gongfa

 

Stabbing motion - cha

 

Thrust - anh

 

Stabbing blow - tshou

 

Chopping blow - phi

 

Lifting blow - leugun

 

Eight - wuhua

 

To defend - langun

 

Pulled out - la

 

Kick to yourself - pung

 

Circular leg kick - tshebaytui

 

Circular kick with a turn over the back - houbaitoui

 

Lateral kick with a turn over back - hutentui

 

Fist - tsuan

 

Hook - goh

 

Tiger's paw - huzzhao

 

Dragon's paw - lun zhao

 

Eagle's paw - Yingzhao

 

Bottom kick (apercote) - shya ku

 

Elbow kick - tingzhu

 

Hammer hand - tsu quan

 

Side fist kick - ts'aegun ts'uan

 

Inner block - ni dan

 

Outward block - wee ko

 

Block down - xia an

 

Block up - shan jiang

 

Sweeping leg block - loosho

 

Kicking inwards - tishikodan.

Competitive terminology

 

Sport - yun dong

 

Fitness - tiyuhodong

 

Sport competition - jingsaiyundu

 

Wu-shu exercises - liantzaoshu

 

Health exercises - tiyulyaofa

 

Championship - guanjunsai

 

Tournament - bisai

 

Training - lanxi

 

Attestation - kaoshi

 

Teacher - shifu

 

Senior student - shixun

 

Apprentice - xuesheng

 

Junior apprentice - jiusheng

 

Coach - jiaolianyuan

 

Train - xunliang

 

Competition - jingjihui

 

Athlete -- yundunyuan

 

Champion -- guanjun.

 

Referee -- cainanhoan

 

Arbiter - pingpanyoan

 

Duel between athletes with full contact - sanda

 

Dueling of several athletes - duilian

 

A theatrical duel of 2 unarmed men - ertentushou shouduilian

 

Theatrical duel of three unarmed men - sangentoushou

 

Theatrical performance of two armed men - shuang zhenqiseduilian

 

Theatrical performance of three armed athletes - sangrenqiseduiliang

 

Theatrical performance of two armed and one unarmed sportsmen - tushouduishuangtse

 

Theatrical duels with weapons - fanjpinqiseduilyan

 

Group competition - tuantisai

 

Group gymnastics - tuanticao

 

Athletic activities - tsunshiyundong

 

Finals - jiusai

 

Prize winner - dejandiwei

 

Grand Prize - Jinbiaotoujiang

 

Winner - Shengli

 

Violation - Fanggu

 

Score - pingfeng

 

Second - miao

 

Time - tseshiji

 

Disqualification - qixiaozupe

 

Unethical behavior of the athlete - weifangtiyudaodexinwei

 

Instructions - xunshu

 

Teaching forms of wu-shu - chu-jitaolu

 

Technique - jishu

 

Traditional styles of wu-shu - pai

 

Competition hall - tiyushi

 

Forms of exercises - danlian.

 

School - men

 

Explanations - shomin

 

Guidance - jinan